In 1904, the second Aliyah began. Many of these olim were idealists whose wish was to found a just and progressive society while building the land. They founded cooperative settlements – kibbutzim and moshavot. The new settlers faced many difficulties. They spent long days of backbreaking work followed by nights of hunger before their settlements were well established.
During the second Aliyah, Keren HaYesod was created to finance and encourage Jewish settlement, and Keren Kayemet l’Yisrael (Jewish National Fund) was established to acquire land.
JNF-KKL’s Blue Box, their famous Tzedakah boxes, could be found in hundreds of thousands of Jewish homes, schools, synagogues, public buildings and businesses around the world.
Click on any picture to bring you to the Eidah's album page. You can also view the pictures as a slideshow from that page.